Mitochondrial Molecular Basis of Sevoflurane and Propofol Cardioprotection in Patients Undergoing Aortic Valve Replacement with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

M. Jovic, A. Stancic, D. Nenadic, O. Cekic, D. Nezic, P. Milojevic, S. Micovic, B. Buzadzic, A. Korac, V. Otasevic, A. Jankovic, M. Vucetic, K. Velickovic, I. Golic and B. Korac
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 29 (2012), 131–142.

Abstract. Background/Aims: Study elucidates and compares the mitochondrial bioenergetic-related molecular basis of sevoflurane and propofol cardioprotection during aortic valve replacement surgery due to aortic valve stenosis. Methods: Twenty-two patients were prospectively randomized in two groups regarding the anesthetic regime: sevoflurane and propofol. Hemodynamic parameters, biomarkers of cardiac injury and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured preoperatively and postoperatively. In tissue samples, taken from the interventricular septum, key mitochondrial molecules were determined by Western blot, real time PCR, as well as confocal microscopy and immunohisto- and immunocyto-chemical analysis. Results: The protein levels of cytochrome c oxidase and ATP synthase were higher in sevoflurane than in propofol group. Nevertheless, cytochrome c protein content was higher in propofol than sevoflurane receiving patients. Propofol group also showed higher protein level of connexin 43 (Cx43) than sevoflurane group. Besides, immunogold analysis showed its mitochondrial localization. The mRNA level of mtDNA and uncoupling protein (UCP2) were higher in propofol than sevoflurane patients, as well. On the other hand, there were no significant differences between groups in hemodynamic assessment, intensive care unit length of stay, troponin I and BNP level. Conclusions: Our data indicate that sevoflurane and propofol lead to cardiac protection via different mitochondrially related molecular mechanisms. It appears that sevoflurane acts regulating cytochrome c oxidase and ATP synthase, while the effects of propofol occur through regulation of cytochrome c, Cx43, mtDNA transcription and UCP2.

Keywords: cardioprotection, sevoflurane, propofol, mitochondria, ischemia/reperfusion

IF: 3.415
IF5: 3.169
MNTR classification: M21


  title = {Mitochondrial molecular basis of sevoflurane and propofol cardioprotection in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass},
  author = {Jovic, Miomir and Stancic, Ana and Nenadic, Dragan and Cekic, Olivera and Nezic, Dusko and Milojevic, Predrag and Micovic, Slobodan and Buzadzic, Biljana and Korac, Aleksandra and Otasevic, Vesna and others},
  journal = {Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry},
  volume = {29},
  number = {1-2},
  pages = {131--142},
  year = {2012}